created March 24, 2006 · complexity basic · author orsenthil · version 5.7
The present working directory can be displayed in Vim with:
To change to the directory of the currently opened file:
Here's a mapping to make this easier:
nmap <silent> <Leader>cd :cd %:p:h<CR>
Note the use of :p first expand the % to a full path -- it takes care of the case where you're already in the correct directory. If that happens, %:h expands to an empty string and the :cd command throws an error. %:p:h is safe as it will never send an empty directory into the :cd command.
Note that 'autochdir' can be turned on to automatically switch to the directory of the current buffer upon entering the buffer. Alternatively, try:
nmap <silent> <Leader>sp :sp <c-r>=expand('%:p:h')<CR>/
(The last / can be changed to a backslash if on Windows.) Then, hitting <Leader>sp will produce a command-line all set to allow editing of a file in the same directory as the current buffer.
Also see VimTip64 (Always set your working directory to the file you're editing)
This is very useful. Personally I have these commands defined:
command! CD cd %:p:h command! LCD lcd %:p:h