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Changes: All the right moves

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(Change <tt> to <code>, perhaps also minor tweak.)
 
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|rating=78/45
 
|rating=78/45
 
|category1=Getting started
 
|category1=Getting started
|category2=
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|category2=Moving
 
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One of the principles of effective text editing is moving around very efficiently.
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Vim provides many ways to move the cursor. Becoming familiar with them leads to more effective text editing.
 
Following are some pointers which may help you do that.
 
   
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
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l move one character right
 
l move one character right
 
w move to beginning of next word
 
w move to beginning of next word
b move to beginning of previous word
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b move to previous beginning of word
 
e move to end of word
 
e move to end of word
 
W move to beginning of next word after a whitespace
 
W move to beginning of next word after a whitespace
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</pre>
 
</pre>
   
All the above movements can be preceded by a count; e.g. <code>4j</code> will move down 4 lines.
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All the above movements can be preceded by a count; e.g. <code>4j</code> moves down 4 lines.
   
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
0 move to beginning of line
 
0 move to beginning of line
 
$ move to end of line
 
$ move to end of line
^ move to first non-blank char of the line
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_ move to first non-blank character of the line
_ same as above, but can take a count to go to a different line
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g_ move to last non-blank character of the line
g_ move to last non-blank char of the line (can also take a count as above)
 
   
 
gg move to first line
 
gg move to first line
 
G move to last line
 
G move to last line
nG move to n'th line of file (where n is a number)
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nG move to n'th line of file (n is a number; 12G moves to line 12)
   
 
H move to top of screen
 
H move to top of screen
 
M move to middle of screen
 
M move to middle of screen
 
L move to bottom of screen
 
L move to bottom of screen
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z. scroll the line with the cursor to the center of the screen
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zt scroll the line with the cursor to the top
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zb scroll the line with the cursor to the bottom
   
 
Ctrl-D move half-page down
 
Ctrl-D move half-page down
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Ctrl-B page up
 
Ctrl-B page up
 
Ctrl-F page down
 
Ctrl-F page down
Ctrl-o jump to last cursor position
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Ctrl-O jump to last (older) cursor position
Ctrl-i jump to next cursor position
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Ctrl-I jump to next cursor position (after Ctrl-O)
   
 
n next matching search pattern
 
n next matching search pattern
 
N previous matching search pattern
 
N previous matching search pattern
* next word under cursor
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* next whole word under cursor
# previous word under cursor
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# previous whole word under cursor
g* next matching search pattern under cursor
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g* next matching search (not whole word) pattern under cursor
g# previous matching search pattern under cursor
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g# previous matching search (not whole word) pattern under cursor
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</pre>
   
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<pre>
 
% jump to matching bracket { } [ ] ( )
 
% jump to matching bracket { } [ ] ( )
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fX to next 'X' after cursor, in the same line (X is any character)
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FX to previous 'X' before cursor (f and F put the cursor on X)
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tX til next 'X' (similar to above, but cursor is before X)
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TX til previous 'X'
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; repeat above, in same direction
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, repeat above, in reverse direction
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
   
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==Comments==
 
==Comments==
Ctrl-i jump to previous cursor position
 
<C-i> (or <Tab>) goes to the next cursor position in the jump list, and does nothing unless you've already moved to an older position in the jump list using <C-o>. ([[User:Spiiph|Spiiph]] 12:37, October 5, 2009 (UTC))
 

Latest revision as of 00:38, April 2, 2016

Tip 278 Printable Monobook Previous Next

created 2002 · complexity basic · author vim_power · version 6.0


Vim provides many ways to move the cursor. Becoming familiar with them leads to more effective text editing.

h   move one character left
j   move one row down
k   move one row up
l   move one character right
w   move to beginning of next word
b   move to previous beginning of word
e   move to end of word
W   move to beginning of next word after a whitespace
B   move to beginning of previous word before a whitespace
E   move to end of word before a whitespace

All the above movements can be preceded by a count; e.g. 4j moves down 4 lines.

0   move to beginning of line
$   move to end of line
_   move to first non-blank character of the line
g_  move to last non-blank character of the line

gg  move to first line
G   move to last line
nG  move to n'th line of file (n is a number; 12G moves to line 12)

H   move to top of screen
M   move to middle of screen
L   move to bottom of screen

z.  scroll the line with the cursor to the center of the screen
zt  scroll the line with the cursor to the top
zb  scroll the line with the cursor to the bottom

Ctrl-D  move half-page down
Ctrl-U  move half-page up
Ctrl-B  page up
Ctrl-F  page down
Ctrl-O  jump to last (older) cursor position
Ctrl-I  jump to next cursor position (after Ctrl-O)

n   next matching search pattern
N   previous matching search pattern
*   next whole word under cursor
#   previous whole word under cursor
g*  next matching search (not whole word) pattern under cursor
g#  previous matching search (not whole word) pattern under cursor
%   jump to matching bracket { } [ ] ( )

fX  to next 'X' after cursor, in the same line (X is any character)
FX  to previous 'X' before cursor (f and F put the cursor on X)
tX  til next 'X' (similar to above, but cursor is before X)
TX  til previous 'X'
;   repeat above, in same direction
,   repeat above, in reverse direction

See :help {command} (for example, :help g_) for all of the above if you want more details.

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