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Switching case of characters

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Tip 49 Printable Monobook Previous Next

created 2001 · complexity basic · version 5.7


You can change the case of text:

Toggle case "HellO" to "hELLo" with g~ then a movement.
Uppercase "HellO" to "HELLO" with gU then a movement.
Lowercase "HellO" to "hello" with gu then a movement.

Alternatively, you can visually select text then press ~ to toggle case, or U to convert to uppercase, or u to convert to lowercase.

fdsfsdfsdfasdf

Title case

The :s substitute command can change case (see :help s/\u).

The following converts the current line to Title Case (all lowercase, except for initial uppercase letters):

:s/\<\(\w\)\(\w*\)\>/\u\1\L\2/g

Explanation The search pattern is \<\(\w\)\(\w*\)\> which searches for \< (beginning of word), then \w (a word character), then \w* (zero or more word characters), then \> (end of word). The \(...\) create subexpressions to be recalled with \1 and \2 in the replacement. The replacement is \u\1\L\2 which substitutes the two subexpressions transformed: The \u converts the first character of what follows to uppercase, while \L converts all of what follows to lowercase.

Twiddle case

With the following (for example, in vimrc), you can visually select text then press ~ to convert the text to UPPER CASE, then to lower case, then to Title Case. Keep pressing ~ until you get the case you want.

function! TwiddleCase(str)
  if a:str ==# toupper(a:str)
    let result = tolower(a:str)
  elseif a:str ==# tolower(a:str)
    let result = substitute(a:str,'\(\<\w\+\>\)', '\u\1', 'g')
  else
    let result = toupper(a:str)
  endif
  return result
endfunction
vnoremap ~ y:call setreg('', TwiddleCase(@"), getregtype(''))<CR>gv""Pgv

References

Comments

The following will skip single-letter words and words that aren't in uppercase. It also accounts for non-english latin characters.

:s/\v\C<([A-ZÀ-Ý])([A-ZÀ-Ý]+)>/\u\1\L\2/g

--Jenny 165.2.186.10 19:05, April 5, 2012 (UTC)

Nice, thanks. I added \C to your command above to make the search case sensitive (it won't skip lowercase words if 'ignorecase' is set, unless \C is present). JohnBeckett 09:58, April 6, 2012 (UTC)

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