Vim Tips Wiki

Wrap text in HTML/XML tags after prompting for the tag name

1,624pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share
Tip 346 Printable Monobook Previous Next

created October 16, 2002 · complexity basic · author fishburn · version 6.0

If you have a block of text and you want to wrap it in <TAG_NAME>...</TAG_NAME> then this function will prompt you for the tag name and wrap the text.

" These mappings and TagSelection function will allow you to place
" an XML tag around either the current word, or the current selected
" text.
" If the visual select is on a single line, the tag is wrapped
" around the text <this>way</this>. If the visual select
" extends over multiple lines, the tag is wrapped around the text
" <this>
" way
" </this>
" When you are prompted for the tag name, you can enter:
" Tag name? p class="classname" attri="bute"
" The select is wrapped with:
" <p class="classname" attri="bute">
" Your selection
" </p>
" Notice the attributes have been stripped from the closing tag.
" Use nmap, not nnoremap, since we do want to use an existing mapping.
nmap ,,, viw,,,
vnoremap ,,, <Esc>:call TagSelection()<CR>

function! TagSelection()
  let tag = input("Tag name (include attributes)? ")
  if strlen(tag) == 0

  " Save
  let saveB = @b
  " <C-R> seems to automatically reindent the line for some filetypes
  " this will disable it until we have applied our changes
  let saveIndent = &indentexpr
  let curl = line(".")
  let curc = col(".")
  let &indentexpr = ''

  " If the visual selection is over multiple lines, then place the
  " data between the tags on newlines:
  "   <tag>
  "   data
  "   </tag>
  let newline = ''
  if getline("'>") != getline("'<")
    let newline = "\n"
    let curl = line("'>")

  " Strip off all but the first word in the tag for the end tag
  let @b = newline . substitute(tag, '^[ \t"]*\(\<\S*\>\).*', '<\/\1>\e', "")
  let curc = curc + strlen(@b)
  exec "normal `>a\<C-R>b"
  let @b = substitute(tag, '^[ \t"]*\(\<.*\)', '<\1>\e', "") . newline
  let curc = curc + strlen(@b)
  exec "normal `<i\<C-R>b"

  " Now format the area
  exec "normal `<V'>j="

  " Restore
  let @b = saveB
  let &indentexpr = saveIndent
  call cursor(curl, curc)


Could this function be expanded to replace/change tags enclosing the current region/selected text?

Or use surround.vim -- Samvimes 15:13, 21 November 2008 (UTC)

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki